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Republicans outpace Democrats in Oklahoma

Your guide to the 2024 elections

Oklahoma State Capitol building in Oklahoma City, Okla. SunChan/E+ via Getty Images

Republicans outpace Democrats in Oklahoma


Voter makeup: 

As of January, Oklahoma had over 2 million registered voters, according to the State Election Board. There are nearly twice as many Republicans as Democrats. Despite a fairly high number of independent voters (roughly 400,000), the state has remained reliably red when it comes to policy. Unborn babies have almost universal protection from abortion except for a few exceptions.

In Oklahoma, voters must declare a party affiliation in primaries but not general elections. The state has partially closed primaries, meaning parties can decide whether to allow unaffiliated voters to participate. The Democratic Party allowed unaffiliated voters to vote in the 2024 primary, and Republicans did not.


Residents of the Sooner State must register to vote either in person, by mail, or online at least 25 days before the election. At the polling stations, voters must present some form of photo identification such as a driver’s license or passport. Absentee voters must sign an affidavit before casting their provisional ballot, but they don’t need an excuse to get one. Requests for absentee ballots must be submitted at least 15 days before the election.


Republicans have won all of the presidential races in Oklahoma since 1968. All seven of Oklahoma’s Electoral College votes went to former President Donald Trump in 2020. President Joe Biden garnered just 32 percent of voter support.

In this year’s primaries on May 5, 81 percent of Republicans voted for Trump. Former UN Ambassador Nikki Haley pulled out of the race in March but still won nearly 16 percent of the vote. In the Democratic primary, Joe Biden earned 73 percent of the vote, with contenders such as Marianne Williamson and U.S. Rep. Dean Phillips, D-Minn., taking the rest.


Republicans hold all five of Oklahoma’s U.S. House seats. For each of the congressional matchups, GOP candidates have at least twice as much campaign funding as their Democratic rivals. After a congressional redistricting process in 2022, the 5th District changed from being somewhat competitive to solidly Republican. Oklahoma waived the primaries for the 2nd and 5th districts since both parties had only one candidate in the running.


Like Texas, Oklahoma has two courts of last resort, the Court of Criminal Appeals and the Supreme Court. When first appointed by the governor, the justices serve for one year. Then they must win a retention election to serve a six-year term.

Three of nine Supreme Court seats are up for retention election. James Edmondson, Yvonne Kauger, and Noma Gurich were all appointed by Democratic governors.


  • Oklahomans may initiate ballot measures, but the state legislature referred both constitutional amendments on this November’s ballot. Voters will decide whether to implement Public Infrastructure Districts (PIDs) as described in Senate Joint Resolution 16. If passed, the measure will allow property owners within municipalities to petition for city improvements like sidewalks, roads, and parks. “Oklahoma has a housing shortage across the state, and we know one of the most significant barriers to new homes is the need to build the necessary infrastructure to support them,” said Republican state Sen. John Haste, who helped draft the resolution. “PIDs will help our municipalities finance the infrastructure to handle our state’s growth.”

  • Oklahoma is one of five states with ballot measures to prevent noncitizens from voting. The state constitution stipulates that “every citizen” may vote, but it does not clarify whether noncitizens have the same privilege. If passed, Oklahoma would join seven other states with similar stipulations.

Dig deeper:

  • Listen to Mary Reichard’s report on an Oklahoma board’s approval of a religious charter school and Josh Schumacher’s coverage of the Oklahoma Supreme Court’s ruling against it.

  • Read Josh Schumacher’s analysis of why three Oklahomans are suing to identify as the opposite sex on their birth certificates.

  • Listen to Leah Savas explain the state’s pro-life strategies.

Visit the WORLD Election Center 2024 to follow our state-by-state coverage between now and November.

Bekah McCallum

Bekah is a reviewer, reporter, and editorial assistant at WORLD. She is a graduate of World Journalism Institute and Anderson University.

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