The World and Everything in It - June 8, 2021
WORLD Radio - The World and Everything in It - June 8, 2021
The latest developments in the debate over how the COVID-19 pandemic started; the foreign policy implications of the pandemic’s origins; and a training facility in Switzerland teaching horses how to jump. Plus: commentary from Steve West, and the Tuesday morning news.
MARY REICHARD, HOST: Good morning!
New information has come to light about the possible origins of Covid19. Was it created in a lab or by nature?
NICK EICHER, HOST: We’ll talk about the foreign policy implications as well.
Plus the art of training a horse.
And some good advice for new graduates.
REICHARD: It’s Tuesday, June 8th. This is The World and Everything in It from listener-supported WORLD Radio. I’m Mary Reichard.
EICHER: And I’m Nick Eicher. Good morning!
REICHARD: Here’s Anna Johansen Brown now with the news.
ANNA JOHANSEN BROWN, NEWS ANCHOR: Ransomware attack funds recovered » The Justice Department has recovered a majority of the ransom money Colonial Pipeline paid Russian-based hackers last month.
The company handed over about four and a half million dollars to regain access to its systems. The attack shut down operations at the nation’s largest fuel pipeline and caused gas shortages all along the East Coast.
Deputy Attorney General Lisa Monaco announced the recovery operation Monday.
MONACO: Today we turned the tables on Dark Side by going after the entire ecosystem that fuels ransomware and digital extortion attacks, including criminal proceeds in the form of digital currency.
The recovery operation was a first for a new, specialized ransomware task force. The Biden Justice Department created the task force to counter the increasing threat of criminal cyber gangs who target U.S. corporations.
MONACO: Ransomware attacks are always unacceptable. But when they target critical infrastructure, we will spare no effort in our response.
Georgia-based Colonial paid the hackers in bitcoin. Due to fluctuations in the cryptocurrency’s value, the ransom is only worth about $2.3 million today.
SCOTUS unanimous in permanent residency case » The U.S. Supreme Court ruled Monday that thousands of immigrants who entered the country illegally cannot apply to stay here permanently. WORLD’s Kristen Flavin reports.
KRISTEN FLAVIN, REPORTER: The case involved a couple from El Salvador who came to the United States in the early 1990s. While they were living here illegally, the U.S. government granted immigrants from El Salvador Temporary Protected Status on humanitarian grounds.
The couple then applied for green cards that would allow them to stay in the country permanently.
But in a unanimous 9-0 decision, the court ruled that temporary protections applied to illegal immigrants do not make them eligible for legal status.
The ruling does not apply to immigrants who came to the country legally after getting temporary protected status. They are still eligible to become permanent residents.
Reporting for WORLD, I’m Kristen Flavin.
Harris heads to Mexico after visiting Guatemala » Vice President Kamala Harris is headed to Mexico City today. She plans to meet with Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador to talk about immigration and other issues.
Harris began her first international trip as vice president with a stop in Guatemala on Monday. After meeting with Guatemalan President Alejandro Giammattei, Harris pledged U.S. support for improving conditions in the country.
HARRIS: Our responsibility and our capacity is to give people a sense of hope. We talked extensively about this through the many conversations we have had, including today. The power of hope, the ability that each of our governments has to give people a sense that help is on the way.
Harris urged Guatemalans not to attempt the dangerous journey north, where they stand a good chance of falling prey to human traffickers. And she insisted the Biden administration would enforce U.S. immigration laws.
HARRIS: The president and I discussed the fundamental belief that most people don’t want to leave home. They don’t want to leave the place where they grew up, where the language they know is spoken, where their culture they know is present and has been, in this case, for centuries.
Shortly after her meeting with Giammattei, the Justice Department announced it would step up efforts to fight corruption in Central America. Harris called that a top U.S. priority. The department also established a new law enforcement task force to fight human trafficking and smuggling.
FDA approves Alzheimer’s drug » The Food and Drug Administration has given the green light to the first new treatment for Alzheimer’s in 20 years. But the decision is not without controversy. WORLD’s Paul Butler has that story.
PAUL BUTLER, REPORTER: The FDA approval for the drug developed by Biogen is based on inconclusive trial results.
Research showed the treatment didn’t reverse the progression of the disease. And it only slowed patients’ cognitive decline slightly.
Critics say that’s not enough evidence to bring the drug to market, especially given its price tag. A year’s worth of treatment could cost up to $50,000.
FDA regulators admitted “residual uncertainties” surround the drug. But they determined it was “reasonably likely” to benefit patients with Alzheimer’s.
The drug, marketed as Aduhelm, targets harmful clumps of plaque in the brain that are thought to play a role in the disease. But doctors still don’t know what causes its onset.
Reporting for WORLD, I’m Paul Butler.
I’m Anna Johansen Brown.
Straight ahead: the debate over COVID-19’s origins.
Plus, words of wisdom and encouragement for graduates.
This is The World and Everything in It.
MARY REICHARD, HOST: It’s Tuesday the 8th of June, 2021. This is World Radio and we’re glad you’ve joined us today! Good morning, I’m Mary Reichard.
NICK EICHER, HOST: And I’m Nick Eicher. First up on The World and Everything in It, the origins of COVID.
Over the last month, the debate over just how the novel coronavirus first infected humans in Wuhan, China, has gotten new attention. President Joe Biden has called on U.S. intelligence agencies to “redouble their efforts” to root out the source.
What new information has come to light? And will we ever get conclusive answers about how the global pandemic began? WORLD’s Sarah Schweinsberg reports.
SARAH SCHWEINSBERG, REPORTER: COVID-19 began circulating in Wuhan China at the end of 2019. And, as we all know, it quickly spread to the rest of the world.
Immediately, scientists and global leaders had one major question: How did this new virus come to infect humans?
Chinese officials blamed bats. They’re common hosts for coronaviruses that can jump to humans in what’s called a spillover event. Spillover events can happen when humans come into contact with bats or animals that bats have infected.
Gigi Gronvall is a scholar at the Center for Health Security at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
She says that’s how several diseases have gotten started.
GRONVALL: And we have to point to SARS, to MERS, to Ebola to other viruses, you know. We bump into them all the time.
In the case of COVID-19, Chinese officials said the spillover event happened at a Wuhan wet market, where vendors sold slaughtered wild animals for eating. Wild animals that bats could have infected.
This transmission theory quickly became the pandemic’s widely accepted origin story.
But in February 2020 Republican Senator Tom Cotton of Arkansas questioned that theory on Fox News. He raised the possibility that COVID-19 could have leaked from a lab in Wuhan.
COTTON: Now we don’t have evidence that this disease originated there, but because of China’s duplicity and dishonesty from the beginning, we need to at least ask the question to see what the evidence says.
A group of prominent virologists quickly dismissed that suggestion. They argued the evidence overwhelmingly pointed to natural origins. Other major media outlets dismissed Cotton’s questions as right-wing conspiracy.
Dr. Anthony Fauci is the head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. He also called the lab leak theory highly unlikely.
Despite that, in April 2020, President Trump announced U.S. intelligence officials would investigate whether COVID-19 came from the Wuhan lab.
Gigi Gronvall at Johns Hopkins says the debate over COVID-19’s origins quickly got politicized.
GRONVALL: It became challenging to talk about that. I don't know if it necessarily impeded an investigation but it did impede the discussion of it, I'm sure a little bit among people.
Throughout 2020, some virologists and biologists still raised questions about the natural origins theory. One study noted COVID-19 doesn’t mutate very often as it’s passed from human to human. That caused some scientists to suspect someone engineered COVID-19 for human transmission from the start.
Another paper argued COVID-19 had some unusual genetic features that don’t typically occur in the wild.
And some scientists and politicians noted that the Wuhan Institute of Virology had been harvesting and studying bat coronaviruses. That meant researchers could have manipulated a coronavirus to make it more infectious. That’s called gain-of-function research.
Filippa Lentzos is a biosecurity expert at the King’s College London. She says it’s not exactly clear what the Wuhan lab was doing with the viruses.
LENTZOS: There's clearly a whole range of research that we don't know about yet. And they've not been very forthcoming and transparent about that.
The World Health Organization sent a team of scientists to Wuhan to study COVID-19’s origins earlier this year. But Chinese officials limited the information scientists could access.
In February, President Biden’s national security adviser raised concerns over the investigation’s lack of independence.
New reporting has added to the demand for answers. Last month, the Wall Street Journal quoted unnamed U.S. intelligence officials. They said three Wuhan lab researchers became sick with COVID-19-like symptoms in November 2019.
Now, President Biden is calling for a renewed investigation. That announcement came hours after Dr. Fauci told a Senate Committee he’d also support another look.
FAUCI: As I’ve said, I still believe that the most likely scenario is that this was a natural occurrence, but no one knows that 100 percent for sure.
Soon after, more than 200 House Republicans sent a letter to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi urging her to support a bipartisan investigation into COVID’s origins.
Republicans are also interested in learning more about the financial ties between the U.S. government and the Wuhan lab.
From 2014 to 2019, the National Institutes of Health gave a non-profit called EcoHealth Alliance $3.4 million to study bat coronaviruses. EcoHealth Alliance did research at the Wuhan Institute of Virology.
Still, Gigi Gronvall at Johns Hopkins says renewed investigations may not find the conclusive answers everyone is looking for.
GRONVALL: You can't go back in time and collect the samples that you wish you had had. You can't force governments to do things that they don't want to do. And so there's going to be some limitations.
Filippa Lentzos at the King’s College London says regardless of COVID-19’s origins, countries need to do more to regulate labs.
Potentially risky biological experiments are happening more often all around the world. She says that makes lab oversight and transparency more important than ever.
LENTZOS: All countries should have comprehensive risk assessments for biosafety and biosecurity. They also need to implement and share best practices, they need to participate in exchanges and engagement activities between these sorts of labs, as well as to strive to adopt international standards.
But stricter safety standards could be difficult to enforce in countries that don’t play by international rules.
Reporting for WORLD, I’m Sarah Schweinsberg.
NICK EICHER, HOST: Next up: holding China accountable.
Suppose the U.S. intelligence community does determine Beijing covered up the real source of the COVID-19 outbreak. What then? How would the United States and other Western nations respond?
MARY REICHARD, HOST: Joining us now to talk about that is Anthony Ruggiero. He’s a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Good morning!
ANTHONY RUGGIERO, GUEST: Good morning. Thanks for having me.
REICHARD: Glad to have you. If it turns out that risky research techniques played a role in the pandemic, it’s possible that the United States and other Western countries could ban their use in the future. But do you think that would stop scientists in places like China from doing whatever they want? What can the United States government do to put a stop to risky research like this?
RUGGIERO: That is a great question because what we have now is we have scientists who do surveillance of right now bat populations, other populations looking for viruses that might be infectious to humans. And there's a very good chance that that is what happened here. That virus got out—whether it infected lab workers, and then went to the population in China. But I think the very critical point is the Chinese, if that happened, they likely knew of that very early on in the pandemic, and they did not share that information. And it's still something that they have not shared that information with any of us, even today as the virus still rages on in the global pandemic.
REICHARD: Until recently, the scientific community dismissed any suggestion that a lab leak might have been involved. If it turns out that a leak did happen, will that damage the credibility of those scientists? And will that make it less likely people will listen to them the next time something like this happens?
RUGGIERO: Well, I think for many of us, we would hope that our scientists who devote themselves to this kind of research would have had a more open mind, rather than a year ago where they put out a letter that really dismissed one of the plausible options. And I think there's going to be other questions, you know, as you asked before, about the conflicts of interest of certain scientists who have engaged or do engage in this type of research, and whether they should have been as quick to dismiss a realistic possibility of an outbreak coming from the lab.
REICHARD: What about media complicity in following a certain narrative about the cause of the virus?
RUGGIERO: Well, I think when people look back at 2020, there will be a lot of—hopefully there'll be a lot of internal, you know, review of how the pandemic was handled in the media. You know, I still read articles even today, you know that the lab origin has been out there where you read an article and numerous times in the article it'll say “but there's no evidence for the lab origin theory.” They fail to also mention that there's really no evidence of the natural theory either other than there is a list of these types of viruses or other viruses, diseases that have come from nature. But that is not evidence that that happened in this circumstance. It’s not even circumstantial evidence. In fact, most of the testing that's been done in China has not found the origin species or even intermediate species. So I think, you know, looking at this particular subject, a little more fairness both in the scientific community and certainly in other communities would have been useful from the beginning.
REICHARD: Let’s talk policy for a moment. Obviously, we don’t yet know with certainty what happened in Wuhan. But we do know that the Chinese government was not forthright or cooperative. What do you think Washington should do in response to that?
RUGGIERO: Well, you know, regardless of the origin, even if it turns out, I mean, even if it turns out to be natural origin, or lab origin, the Chinese have hid information, and continue to do that. They did it early in the pandemic, they, you know, I was there chairing some of those initial meetings when I was at the National Security Council in 2020. And they hid from us that the asymptomatic spread, meaning, you know, without any symptoms—which certainly would have changed, potentially changed our initial approach. And so from a policy perspective, we have to think about accountability for China. They have to understand—they and other countries have to understand that there is no incentive and in fact, there should be a disincentive from hiding this information initially. And I think we also need to think about pandemic preparedness. I think as a country we have always assumed that all these countries that face these epidemics and potentially pandemics are working with us, not against us, right? And I think in this circumstance, and in the SARS early 2000s circumstance, there's a cadre of countries, most of them are going to be U.S. adversaries, that are going to hide this information from us. Pandemic preparedness is not ready for that. And I think as the Biden administration starts to emerge from this pandemic and look at preparedness, they need to look at that, and in those two circumstances, cooperating countries and non cooperating countries.
REICHARD: British and American intelligence agree that this theory needs to be investigated. Will Western countries unite around a conclusion about what really happened? And if so, might China respond differently?
RUGGIERO: I think what we're seeing now is we have to assume we may not get any additional additional information from China. I think for pandemic preparedness, we can have a group of countries, like minded countries with their scientists to really start to think through and map out—we've now had, you know, we've had SARS in early 2000. We've had MERS, which is another coronavirus, and we've had SARS CoV-2. We've had three of those in the last 20 or so years. But if the lesson we're taking from that is that everyone's on the same page and same pathway, and we're all swimming toward the same point, I think that's the wrong lesson and history shows that's not correct. And we need to figure out a way to fix that before the next pandemic.
REICHARD: As we heard earlier, the National Institutes of Health gave grant money to the Wuhan Institute of Virology. It did that through the nonprofit EcoHealth Alliance to do gain-of-function research on animal viruses. Gain-of-function, meaning to genetically enhance the pathogenic power of a virus. That’s something that could have led to the creation of the virus that’s now killed 3 million people worldwide.
If intelligence officials do prove that COVID-19 leaked from a lab in Wuhan, what responsibility does the United States have?
RUGGIERO: Well, I think there's two separate parts here. I think there's the research that might have been ongoing in the lab, and then there's the Chinese response. And I think that the two have been combined or conflated. To me, if it's an accidental release from research, we can certainly have that conversation about whether that research makes us more or less safe. So, taking a virus from the environment that is not currently transmissible or lethal to humans and studying that in a laboratory environment brings with it benefits and costs. And those need to be weighed. That's one aspect of it. The other, which I believe is more important, is that when you have an accidental release, the international community has agreed that countries will be as forthcoming and as transparent as possible, and the Chinese were not. So it's not that the research is not important. It certainly is important. But to me I think the first first question to investigate is, you know, what did the Chinese know? When did they know it? And why did they not share that with the world sooner?
REICHARD: Anthony Ruggiero is a senior fellow for the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Anthony, thanks so much for joining us today!
RUGGIERO: Thank you.
MARY REICHARD, HOST: One dog owner in California saved her pets from what could have been a grizzly fate.
A mother bear and her two cubs ambled onto a brick wall that bordered the yard.
The dogs did what dogs do and started barking at the intruders. Mama bear wasn’t impressed and started swiping at them.
Acting on instinct, 17-year-old Hailey Morinico rushed out to help.
MORINICO: I had no time to think, I was literally face-to-face with the bear, like inches away from her...
She pushed the mother bear off the wall. The whole thing captured by a security camera.
SOUND: [Confrontation between bears and dogs]
She wasn’t hurt and the animals weren’t either. The teenager ushered the dogs safely indoors.
MORINICO: I’m glad that everything turned out fine and that I’m alive and they’re alive, and we’re all safe.
But she wouldn’t do it again.
MORINICO: Don’t do what I did, don’t get near bears, don’t push them off ledges, because you might not be as lucky as me.
Good advice that we should all bear in mind.
It’s The World and Everything in It.
MARY REICHARD, HOST: Today is Tuesday, June 8th. You’re listening to The World and Everything in It and we’re so glad you are.
Good morning. I’m Mary Reichard.
NICK EICHER, HOST: And I’m Nick Eicher. Next we turn to the world of show jumping!
Many of us only see show jumping every four years during the Olympics. Riders lead horses around a course, jumping over obstacles of different heights and lengths in a specific amount of time. It’s a precision sport, and the best horses can sell for hundreds of thousands of dollars.
REICHARD: But that kind of skill doesn’t come naturally. Behind these amazing animals are some likewise amazing trainers. WORLD European correspondent Jenny Lind Schmitt has our story.
AMBI: [CHEVENEZ SOUNDS, HORSE WALKING]
JENNY LIND SCHMITT, CORRESPONDENT: Chevenez is a quiet pastoral village where you wouldn’t expect to find a world-class horse training facility. But this is where Edwin Smits trains show jumping horses from all over the world at the Equestrian Center of Chevenez.
SMITS: My father was a farmer’s son. I always loved horses and with these animals I was so attracted to them and wondered if I could make my business with that, how beautiful would that be?
Smits grew up in the Netherlands in a family that traded livestock. His family expected him to join the business. But early on he decided he wanted to spend his life with horses.
SMITS: I ride the whole morning and when I have a little time left, a few in the afternoon...
Training horses is a lot like raising children. It requires patience and consistency. Trainers gradually teach the horses what a saddle is, then what a rider is. When the trainer has to make corrections, it must be gentle and consistent.
SMITS: Nothing forced. You can only get a horse to do something for you when it wants to do something for you. A lot of times it’s 8 or 10 times the weight of a human. It’s a lot stronger. It’s nothing about domination. It’s only about trying to be a team together.
Smits’ philosophy of calm, orderly instruction is evident in the way he carries himself and in the way he runs the equestrian center. Neat red brick buildings with green trim house the stables and offices. Inside the stable entrance, carefully labeled cubbies hold each horse’s tack and bridle.
Horseboxes line each side of the building. Curious equines poke their heads out to meet me, and Smits tells their stories.
There’s a horse-sized shower, with heat lamps for winter and fans for summer. One stallion, named Charlie Chaplin, wants to nibble the microphone wind protector.
SMITS: Hope he doesn’t eat your fluffy.
He has a bed of wood chips instead of straw because he also likes to snack on his bedding.
SMITS: Otherwise he eats too much.
AMBI: [MECHANICAL WALKER]
Smits oversees each horse’s schedule. They each train 2 to 3 mornings a week, then a shower, food, and a clean bed. Afternoons they can relax in the pasture. On non-training days, the horses have long rides in the surrounding rolling countryside.
SMITS: It’s not work. It’s a way of life. It’s 24/7.You cannot just say, okay forget them and that’s done. There’s many many beautiful moments that we live with them because it’s a beautiful life. But there’s also one horse that’s maybe gotten injured and it’s in the clinic and it’s like your baby’s in the clinic, and you don’t sleep. You’re awake until late at night and then the next morning you’re out again so you wake up at 5:30, so the nights are short.
Smits’ business partner is his wife, making it hard to take family time away. And when they do have vacation, they still need to stay connected to the stables in case of emergency. The past year, while Covid shut down most of the world, a severe horse virus called EHV-1 sickened horses across Europe. Smits had to curtail the training program, and is only just now back to full speed.
In the paddock behind a large indoor arena, a trainer is working with a horse in the morning sunshine. There is an obstacle course set up in the ring, but for now they are just practicing cantering smoothly.
SMITS: This is a young horse, with a lot of talent. Was a little bit of a slow starter. All the qualities but a little timid in her head, a little bit scared. So we have to give her a little bit of extra time to learn and do the whole program.
When asked if he’s ever had a horse he couldn’t train, Smits is emphatic.
He does admit that some were very difficult, but says that only made him a better trainer. And when I ask him what mistakes he’s made along the way, he corrects me with a smile:
SMITS: I correct your question, I think we never make mistakes, we have learning moments. If you see it as a mistake then you’re already losing. I think we learn everyday.
AMBI: [HORSE WALKING]
Thirty percent of training a horse is training the human working with it. Discipline and respect, he says, discipline and respect.
SMITS: If you are very clear and keep repeating the same that the animal or the human starts to understand you then he can learn it.
Smits says the hardest thing to teach is trust. Jumping over 5 foot-high obstacles in competition means the horse must trust his rider completely. That kind of confidence is not built quickly, but little by little, day by day. But that’s also the greatest reward.
SMITS: When you feel that the horse trusts you more and more and in the end you can canter to these big fences and it would jump blind for you to the other side. That’s just amazing.
Those are lessons that Smits also passes on in his family, where his two young sons have started their own riding careers.
AMBI: [HORSE TROT]
Reporting for WORLD, I’m Jenny Lind Schmitt in Chevenez, Switzerland.
NICK EICHER, HOST: Today is Tuesday, June 8th. Good morning! This is The World and Everything in It from listener-supported WORLD Radio. I’m Nick Eicher.
MARY REICHARD, HOST: And I’m Mary Reichard.
It’s graduation season! Chances are, you’ve listened to your fair share of commencement speeches over the years. But have you ever wondered what you would say to a room full of young adults decked out in caps and gowns?
World legal commentator Steve West has thought about this. So if you have a graduate in the family, gather round and listen up.
STEVE WEST, COMMENTATOR: Well, here you are, finally. Did you think this day would ever come? I know that you're sitting here with a mixture of excitement, anxiety, and impatience, but bear with me. I only have five things to say.
First: Life is broken, but all is not lost. Lots of things are messed up, from the pandemic to racial strife to bad hair to lousy days when you can't even figure out what's wrong or why a blue funk has come over you. You know it wasn't meant to be this way. Yes, it's broken, under a curse ever since Adam and Eve decided to eat the fruit. And yet the curse is being undone. Focus on what's good, true, and beautiful, and pretty soon that's what you'll see.
Second: Live where you live, not where you think you want to live. In a world where you can Google anything and anyone, it's easy to want to be somewhere else, even to be someone else. But when Jesus walked the streets and hills of Judea and Samaria, he didn't wish he was anywhere else. So don't pine for somewhere else, for home, or for the next thing. Settle in and live and love where you are.
Third: Stop faking it. There are a lot of people-pleasers in the world and even, sadly, in the church, people who say all the right words because it's expected of them, or because they want to fit in. Don't. The church needs people who will speak the truth in love. You need friends who won't tell you what you want to hear or what they think you want to hear but what you need to hear, who'll call you out if need be. The Bible says “let your yes be yes and your no be no.” See that you do.
Fourth: Have the right passion. People have passions: vegetarianism, running, music, food. We were meant to have a passion—only people will fill it, fill that void, however they can. Ask God to give you a passion for Him. Just remember this: You are His passion. Not only does He love you, He likes you—not the petty you but the you He made in His image, the one He's transforming you into, thank God.
And finally: Don't be afraid. Fear can be paralyzing. You don't know how you'll manage college, life, or love, but He does. The only antidote for fear is faith. The Bible is full of people who did the unthinkable and the unlikely, from a quivering Moses to a shepherd boy who went up against a giant to a once cowardly Christ-denier on whom Jesus built his church. If God is with you, nothing can prevail against you.
Remember this: In the school of life, God is a kind headmaster. May He bless you on your graduation.
I’m Steve West.
STEVE WEST: Well, now, while I’m in advice-giving mode, may I add a sixth piece of advice?
Support what you believe in!
Now, you listen to this program or read WORLD Magazine or maybe you’re one who reads my Liberties newsletter. Maybe all of the above!
And as a person who’s trained to gather evidence and draw legal conclusions, I can say that’s solid evidence that you believe in WORLD’s mission of sound journalism grounded in God’s Word.
So I want to encourage you during WORLD’s June Giving Drive to support that journalism.
In these uncertain times, WORLD’s steady voice is so important and your financial support is so necessary to keep WORLD strong for the work ahead.
And thanks so much!
NICK EICHER, HOST: Tomorrow: Iran’s ambitions. The Biden administration is preparing to re-enter the Iran nuclear deal. But what are the implications of that? We’ll talk about it on Washington Wednesday.
And, WORLD’s origin story. Founder Joel Belz shares an event from his childhood that shapes the way we operate today.
That and more tomorrow.
I’m Nick Eicher.
MARY REICHARD, HOST: And I’m Mary Reichard.
The World and Everything in It comes to you from WORLD Radio.
WORLD’s mission is biblically objective journalism that informs, educates, and inspires.
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Go now in grace and peace.
WORLD Radio transcripts are created on a rush deadline. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of WORLD Radio programming is the audio record.