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James L. Buckley & John Warnock

James Buckley (left) and John Warnock Buckley: Handout; Warnock: Paul Sakuma/AP

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James L. Buckley

Buckley, one of a very short list of ­people who served in all three branches of the U.S. federal government, died Aug. 18. He was 100. Buckley entered ­politics managing younger brother (and National Review founder) William F. Buckley Jr.’s mayoral campaign in New York in 1965. Five years later, New York elected the elder Buckley, representing the state’s Conservative Party, to the U.S. Senate. As a senator, Buckley sued to challenge new campaign finance laws in Buckley v. Valeo. He was later appointed to a State Department role in 1981 and then a lifetime spot on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 1985.

John Warnock

A computer scientist and businessman whose software made it possible for anyone with a desktop computer to be a publisher, Warnock died Aug. 19 at age 82. A trained mathematician, Warnock imagined a new way for computers to efficiently render solid images rather than the line drawings for which contemporary technology allowed. When his employer, Xerox, snubbed his idea for a nascent desktop publishing language, Warnock and a colleague left the company and founded Adobe Systems in 1982. By 1985, Adobe had developed PostScript, bringing desktop publishing to Apple computers. Within the decade, Warnock and his team developed Adobe Illustrator and invented the Portable Document Format, or PDF.


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